GEP Resource Center

Here you can find more information about Globalisation that will help you pass the GEP Globalisation Quiz.

What is Globalisation?

Globalisation refers to the increasing unification of the world's economic order through reduction of such barriers to international trade as tariffs, export fees, and import quotas. The goal is to increase material wealth, goods, and services through an international division of labor by efficiencies catalyzed by international relations, specialization and competition. It describes the process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through communication, transportation, and trade.

The term is most closely associated with the term economic globalisation: the integration of national economies into the international economy through trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, migration, the spread of technology, and military presence.

Useful resources on Globalisation: Wikipedia | Essay by The Yale Center for the Study of Globalisation


The processes that we now think of as “globalization” were central to the environmental cause well before the term “globalisation” came into its current usage. Global environmental concerns were born out of the recognition that ecological processes do not always respect national boundaries and that environmental problems often have impacts beyond borders; sometimes globally. Connected to this was the notion that the ability of humans to act and think at a global scale also brings with it a new dimension of global responsibility— not only to planetary resources but also to planetary fairness.

These ideas were central to the defining discourse of contemporary environmentalism in the 1960s and 1970s1 and to the concept of sustainable development that took root in the 1980s and 1990s.

The current debate on globalisation has become de-linked from its environmental roots and contexts. It is very important to take into account the links between environment and globalisation not to miss out some of the most pressing environmental challenges faced by humanity.

More about Globalisation & the Environment:

Demographic Changes

How globalisation affected demographic trends and how demographic trends affected globalisation?

The following videos will give you an insight on how globalisation has influenced the world's demography and its main dimensions: fertility, mortality and immigration.

Labour Market

As a result of the increase in trade in goods and services and as capital flows across borders combined with the development and spread of technologies, labour markets have also become more integrated. The manufacturing employment is declining and the service sector is raising. Soft skills such as communication, team work, entrepreneurial skills and foreign languages are becoming more and more important.

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As the world is getting smaller our learning opportunities are multiplying. Education is on the verge of a major shift, with new technologies changing the way we learn and connect to each other.

Now, you don't necessarily have to be in a classroom to attend a university or a high school - you just need a connection to internet and a device. It can be that simple. there are numerous platforms that offer online free courses in various domains such as economics, marketing, math, social science, languages, programming or even medicine.

As the world is getting smaller our learning habits should shift and keep up with the changes in our environment. We are now training to become global citizens: learning multiple languages, learning about the history of other countries or keeping up with world economics issues.

We need to be informed and educated in order to make the best decisions for us and for the world around us.


Technology has always been an important catalyst for growth and globalisation. The world is growing smaller and technology is helping by bringing people closer together. Nowadays you can connect with someone across the planet in a matter of seconds free of charge. You can see different places without even travelling anywhere and you can find out in real time what is happening around the globe. YouTube, Facebook or Google changed the way we communicate and learn. The WWW has been one of the most revolutionizing inventions that shaped the world as we know it.

Technology is changing the way we communicate, work, do business and connect with each other. It is important to understand and anticipate the opportunities that technology has to offer in order to better maximize them as a young social entrepreneur.

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Culture & Society

Because we are closer than ever to each other we need to be more aware and understand the cultural background of our friends, neighbors or co-workers. Because of the rapid pace of globalisation the planet is growing smaller and smaller.

We are now over 7 bilion people and it is estimated that by 2050 the world population will reach between 8.3 and 10.9 billion. This means that we will be a lot of people each with our own different social, ethnical and religious background living on the same (now smaller) planet. Understanding and accepting each other will be crucial! We usually tend to fear what we don't understand, so make an effort and read about different religions, understand the cultural background of different ethnic groups and you will see that we are not that different!

Cultural diversity will be something that will define our world in the years to come and also something that will make it unique and special. So we should celebrate and embrace diversity and the cultural richness of our society!

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